KAZAN

KAZAN
KAZAN, capital of Tatarstan autonomous republic, in the Russian Federation, an important commercial and industrial center, mainly of the oil industry. Until the 1917 Revolution, Kazan was outside the Jewish pale of settlement . In 1861, 184 Jews lived in the city, most of them veterans of the army of Nicholas I. By 1897, their numbers had increased to 1,467 (1.1% of the total population). Pogroms broke out in the city in October 1905. During World War I many exiles from the battle areas and from Lithuania arrived in Kazan. In 1926, there were 4,156 Jews in the city (2.3% of the population), which grew to 5,278 (1.33% of the total) in 1939. During the subsequent years, under the Soviet regime there was no possibility of developing any Jewish communal life. During WWII many refugees reached the city and remained there after the war. The Jewish population of Kazan was estimated at about 8,000 in 1970. One synagogue existed until 1962, when it was closed down by the authorities. Jews prayed in private houses (minyanim), even though this was prohibited. The Jewish cemetery was still in use in 1970. (Yehuda Slutsky / Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

См. также в других словарях:

  • KAZAN (E.) — Homme de théâtre venu tardivement au cinéma, Elia Kazan s’est cependant imposé comme le cinéaste le plus lyrique (avec Nicholas Ray) du cinéma américain des années d’après guerre; ses héros, indécis, violents, tourmentés, sont parmi les plus… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kazan — steht für: die tatarische Umschrift der Stadt Kasan in der russischen Republik Tatarstan einen Landkreis in der türkischen Provinz Ankara, siehe Kazan (Türkei) den Namen von Engstellen in/an der Donau, siehe Kazan Engen den Namen eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • kazan — kàzan m DEFINICIJA 1. razg. reg. a. kotao b. ono što je nalik kazanu ili ima sličnu namjenu [rakijski kazan] c. lonac 2. geogr. mjesto u koritu potoka ili rijeke kad presuši, gdje se zadržala voda i gdje je moguće napojiti stoku 3. vojn. područje …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kazan — Kazan, Elia Kazan, Escuela de * * * Ciudad (pob., est. 2001: 1.090.200 hab.), capital de la República de Tatarstán, Rusia occidental. Situada en la confluencia de los ríos Volga y Kazanka, fue fundada en el s. XIII por los mongoles de la Horda de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kazan —   [kə zɑːn], Elia, eigentlich E. Kazanjoglous, amerikanischer Regisseur und Schriftsteller griechischer Abstammung, * Konstantinopel 7. 9. 1909; arbeitete mit dem Group Theatre in New York; 1935 41 Bühnen und Filmschauspieler; Theaterregisseur;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kazan — v. de la Fédération de Russie, cap. du Tatarstan, sur la Volga; 1 084 000 hab. Centre comm., universitaire et industr. Cap. mongole plusieurs fois prise et dévastée par les Russes (notam. en 1552). Kremlin (1555) renfermant une cath. (XVIe s.).… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • kazan — kȃzan ž <I i/kȃžnju> DEFINICIJA ekspr. kazna [kazan Božja] ETIMOLOGIJA vidi kazna …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kazan — (izg. kazȇn/ob. kazȃn), Elia (pravo ime E. Kazanjoglous) (1909) DEFINICIJA američki filmski i kazališni redatelj, u početku zapažen po kazališnim postavama T. Williamsa i A. Millera, kasnije autor filmskih klasika, u dva navrata dobitnik Oskara… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • kàzan — m 1. {{001f}}razg. reg. a. {{001f}}kotao b. {{001f}}ono što je nalik kazanu ili ima sličnu namjenu [rakijski ∼] c. {{001f}}lonac 2. {{001f}}geogr. mjesto u koritu potoka ili rijeke kad presuši, gdje se zadržala voda i gdje je moguće napojiti… …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • kȃzan — ž 〈I i/kȃžnju〉 ekspr. kazna [∼ Božja] …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika


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